Southerners' Way of Living
Southerners base their income living on agriculture. They
are farmers and fishermen. What they Grow and what they do
depend on where they live. People who live on the plain near
or between the mountains and usually plant rubber trees, fruits
or tobacco. People who live on flat plain or near the ocean
are rice farmers or fishermen.
Rice farmers use many kinds of equipment to do farming. These
equipments are Tai, Crad, Ake, Gea, Keaw, Sak, Kradong, and
Sob-Jood. Southerners are like to reap rice in groups. They
alsouse a bell called "Lor" to hang around a cow's
or a buffalo's neck. The bell helps the owners to locate their
Rubber farmers use many kinds of equipments to do their farming
such as cup or Prok-yang, knives, lamps, rocks, hats, rubber
buckets, Juk for rubber flattening, and some chemical. Rubber
farmers start the day around 2.00 - 3.00 a.m. to collect rubbers
from the rubber trees. The reason they start so early because
the weather in the morning is cooler and the trees produce
more rubber fluid.
Southerners plants local tobacco. After the rice reaping season
has ended, they plant tobacco before planting rubber trees.
They use many equipments such Fan-Ya, knives, Pangs Tak-Ya,
and the storage.
Fruit farmers use Job, Siam, Krom, and a picking stick with
a little basket attached to its top. When the farmers have
to climb up tall trees, they will use a rope to lower the
basket to the other who are waiting to the ground. They also
to fabrics to their bodies to collect the fruits and also
have Keang and Toh to store fruits.
Sai, Son, Yoh, Mro, are used to catch fishes and shrimps.
Hae, Tong, and Round fishing poles, Takong, Soom, Jeay are
used for catching fishes in the ponds, creeks, or canals.
Thses are the major resources that southerners are fed on.
Water Fishing (near the shore)
Fishermen use Sai which is attached to the round fishing poles
to catch sea catfishes that live near the shore. They use
Sai, Sa-Wing, and paddles as their equipments. They will go
fishing at night since the water is clearer and it is easier
to see the fishes. They will use Cha-Muak and Reaw to catch
fishes and shrimps.
In their free time, southerners like to raise doves and others
kinds of birds to listen to their singing. In the morning,
people will put the dove's cage up at the high end of the
pole. They enjoy the echo from the wooden vanes swung by the
wind. In addition, Southern Thais also plays kites in the
The Southerners' old ways of living are very simple but clever.
They can adapt their ways of living as time goes by to suite
the present environment and situations. However, new social
values that favor materialism are changing the old ways of
living dramatically. Thus, before we have lost valuable ways
of living, we need to ponder together to preserve the good
old ways of living to the right path. This will lead to the